In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (2) of section 5B of the Cinematograph Act, 1952 ( 37 of 1952) and in supersession of the notification of the Government of India in the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting No. S.O. 9E) , dated 7th January, 1978, except as respects things done or omitted to be done before such supersession, the Central Government hereby directs that in sanctioning films of public exhibition , the Board of Film Certification shall be guided by the following principles.
Objectives of Film Certification
- the medium of film remains responsible and sensitive to the values and standards of society;
- artistic expression and creative freedom are not unduly curbed;
- certification is responsible to social changes;
- the medium of film provides clean and healthy entertainment; and
- as far as possible, the film is of aesthetic value and cinematically of a good standard.
In pursuance of the above objectives, the CBFC shall ensure that
- anti social activities such as violence are not glorified or justified
- the modus operandi of criminals, other visuals or words likely to incite the commission of any offence are not depicted;
- scenes -
- showing involvement of children in violence as victims or perpetrators or as forced witnesses to violence, or showing children as being subjected to any form of child abuse.
- showing abuse or ridicule of physically and mentally handicapped persons; and
- showing cruelty to, or abuse of animals, are not presented needlessly
- pointless or avoidable scenes of violence, cruelty and horror, scenes of violence primarily intended to provide entertainment and such scenes as may have the effect of de-sensitising or de-humanising people are not shown;
- scenes which have the effect of justifying or glorifying drinking are not shown;
- scenes tending to encourage, justify or glamorise drug addiction are not shown;
- scenes tending to encourage, justify or glamorise consumption of tobacco or smoking are not shown;
- human sensibilities are not offended by vulgarity, obscenity or depravity;
- such dual meaning words as obviously cater to baser instincts are not allowed;
- scenes degrading or denigrating women in any manner are not presented;
- scenes involving sexual violence against women like attempt to rape, rape or any form of molestation or scenes of a similar nature are avoided, and if any such incidence is germane to the theme, they shall be reduced to the minimum and no details are shown
- scenes showing sexual perversions shall be avoided and if such matters are germane to the theme they shall be reduced to the minimum and no details are shown
- visuals or words contemptuous of racial, religious or other groups are not presented
- visuals or words which promote communal, obscurantist, anti-scientific and anti-national attitude are not presented
- the sovereignty and integrity of India is not called in question;
- the security of the State is not jeopardized or endangered
- friendly relations with foreign States are not strained;
- public order is not endangered
- visuals or words involving defamation of an individual or a body of individuals, or contempt of court are not presented.
EXPLANATION: Scenes that tend to create scorn, disgrace or disregard of rules or undermine the dignity of court will come under the term ''Contempt of Court'' : and
- national symbols and emblems are not shown except in accordance with the provisions of the Emblems and Names (Prevention of Improper Use) Act, 1950 (12 of 1950)
The Board of Film Certification shall also ensure that the film
- Is judged in its entirety from the point of view of its overall impact; and
- Is examined in the light of the period depicted in the films and the contemporary standards of the country and the people to which the film relates provided that the film does not deprave the morality of the audience.
Films that meet the above – mentioned criteria but are considered unsuitable for exhibition to non-adults shall be certified for exhibition to adult audiences only.
- While certifying films for unrestricted public exhibition, the Board shall ensure that the film is suitable for family viewing, that is to say, the film shall be such that all the members of the family including children can view it together.
- If the Board, having regard to the nature, content and theme of the film is of the opinion that it is necessary to caution the parents / guardian to consider as to whether any child below the age of twelve years maybe allowed to see such a film, the film shall be certified for unrestricted public exhibition with an endorsement to that effect.
- If the Board having regard to the nature, content and theme of the film, is of the opinion that the exhibition of the film should be restricted to members of any profession or any class of persons, the film shall be certified for public exhibition restricted to the specialized audiences to be specified by the Board in this behalf.
The Board shall scrutinize the titles of the films carefully and ensure that they are not provocative, vulgar, offensive or violative of any of the above-mentioned guidelines.